For wildlife lovers, Corbett National Park is a paradise. The Jim Corbett national park was the first national park of the Indian subcontinent and is the habitat of the endangered species of the Bengal tiger. The enchanting beauty amidst the Kumaoni hills, the breathtaking landscapes have made it a major tourist hot spot of the country. It is the most amazing thing that draws tourists to the state of Uttarakhand in India. Wildlife admirers and nature lovers flock this place throughout the year. However, the beauty of this place is in danger due to the poaching activities, which has resulted in the death of the big cats and lowered their number considerably. However, the future of tigers on earth is very uncertain as today they are on the verge of extinction because of illegal hunting. These animals are killed for their skin, their various body parts which are sold for a large price for various uses.
Tigers are icons of beauty, power, and the importance of conservation. Illegal Hunting in Corbett is certainly one of the biggest threats to the tigers. As stated by the 2011 tiger census, there are approximately 1706 tigers left in India of which nearly 200 big cats are found in the Corbett Tiger Reserve. In the year 2013, around 7 tiger deaths were reported in Uttarakhand with three of them found deceased in Corbett. If the menace of poaching is not contained in the state, then the days are not far when this mighty creature may become a part of history. To maintain the biological balance and prevent the tigers from extinction, conservation projects have become very important in this national park. The government has started varied conservation projects under the supervision of the Corbett Foundation. 'Project Tiger' was first launched in Corbett National Park to preserve the tigers from extinction. The project is doing a great job so far, and is well assisted and funded by the government. The project was rolled out in the year 1973. Besides safeguarding the big cats from illegal hunting in Jim Corbett National Park, the project also aims to increase the tiger count by way of breeding. So shot the “tiger” with the camera, not with the gun.
The prominent goal of project 'Project Tiger' is to protect the tigers in their natural habitat along with maintaining the balance in nature by preserving the ecosystem. It has received funding from various sources to fulfill its objectives as nobody wants that this precious animal should be just seen in books. A tiger protection force has also been set up to Combat the poachers and protect these big cats. Under this project, wireless communication devices, patrolling systems have been installed in the tiger reserves to stop poaching. Plans are to introduce the GIS-based digitized database, use of information and communication technology in the protection of wildlife. The project operates under the government of India and is associated with the ministry of environment and forests. State governments have administrative control over the project and get full financial support for the project.
Speaking on the occasion of Global Tiger Day, (29 July 2019), Prime minister of India said "The story that started with Ek Tha Tiger and then continued with Tiger Zinda Hai, should not stop there,” using names of Bollywood superstar Salman Khan's hit movies. PM Modi stressed that the story of tiger conservation must continue and should continue to a point where one can say "Baaghon mein bahaar hai". Prime minister of India also released the results of the fourth cycle of All India Tiger Estimation - 2018, at Lok Kalyan Marg in New Delhi. As per the survey, the count of tigers in India has risen to 2967, in 2018. PM Modi described this as a historic achievement for India and reaffirmed India's commitment towards protecting the tiger. He appreciated the speed and dedication with which various stakeholders worked to achieve this. Protection of wildlife is very important for maintaining environmental equilibrium.
The conservation efforts are not just the responsibility of the government, but also of the people. Many conservation projects are going on in the Jim Corbett National Park and these projects will be effective with the cooperation of the people. The conservation projects have laid out aftermath in the jim Corbett national park, which can be seen from the increase in the number of tourists wanting to visit the place to behold the exotic tigers in their natural habitat and enjoy the stunning landscapes and natural beauty of the area.